Glossary: Integrative Medicine & Nutrition
Gut and Psychology Syndrome (GAPS) Diet
Developed by Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride, the GAPS diet is used to treat children (and adults) with the autism spectrum disorders (ADD/ADHD, dyspraxia, dyslexia, and schizophrenia), but may also benefit anyone with dairy and gluten sensitivities. The GAPS diet aids in detoxification and repopulation of healthy gut bacteria and may reduce inflammation and improve mental health. Consists of a series of stages, beginning with the restriction of all grains, starches, and sugars, and a focus on easily digestible foods like broths, fats, boiled meats, and fermented vegetable juices. Foods are slowly added back into the diet as digestion improves.
Lord of the underworld and uncle of Persephone, whom he abducted into the underworld.
An energy therapy in which practitioners consciously use their hands in a heart-centered and intentional way to support and facilitate physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual health.
Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
The naturally occurring beat-to-beat changes in heart rate that are an accepted measure of autonomic nervous system function.
The wing-footed messenger of the Greek gods (known by the Romans as Mercury).
Methods of problem-solving or learning by experience, particularly by trial and error.
The sociohistorical experience of cultural groups exposed to prolonged stress and suffering resulting from war, genocide, and interpersonal violence. For example, the experience of American Indians as a result of colonization.
A system of medical practice that treats a disease especially by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in healthy persons produce symptoms similar to those of the disease.
Also called water therapy, hydrotherapy is the application or use of water (cold, hot, steam, or ice) to relieve pain and discomfort, facilitate breath and relieve asthma, and promote physical well-being.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)
Application of oxygen to the treatment of trauma. This is the inhalation of 100% oxygen inside a hyperbaric chamber, pressurized to greater than 1 atmosphere (atm). HBOT causes both mechanical and physiological effects by inducing a state of increased pressure and hyperoxia. Originally designed as a treatment for decompression illness experienced by divers and for healing burns and wounds in hospitals, innovative “off-label” uses include cardiovascular health, autism, stroke, and cognitive decline, and TBI.
An exceptional ability to remember seen in some mental illnesses.
Hyperventilation Syndrome (HVS)
Over-breathing often in response to anxiety.
The therapeutic induction of trance states resembling sleep and the use of suggestion.
Hyster is Greek for womb. In ancient Greece, the suffocating uterus was deemed the cause of hysteria. The cluster of symptoms now diagnosed as posttraumatic stress has a long history of other names, the most enduring of which was hysteria.
Ida and Pingala
The ida (yin) refers to lunar energies and corresponds to the left nostril and the right hemisphere. It is also associated with the parasympathetic nervous system. Pingala (yang) refers to solar energies and corresponds to the right nostril and the left hemisphere, as well as the sympathetic nervous system.